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Overview Of Blockchain Technology And Its Functionality

2022-03-16 by Sourabh Nagar

Blockchain technology has been around for quite some time and is still in the limelight. There are many sentiments about this technology, but its role in the global economic arena should not be completely underestimated. 

This technology first came into the limelight with Bitcoin, a very popular cryptocurrency. Unfortunately, it is overvalued and unstable compared to other cryptocurrencies. But what caught our attention about Bitcoin was the blockchain technology itself.


Let’s dig into What is Blockchain Technology Development and Its top functionality and Benefits.

Making Sense in Blockchain Technology

Blockchain technology is simply defined as a decentralized distributed ledger that records the lineage of digital assets. Due to its unique design, the data on the blockchain solutions cannot be modified, causing legitimate confusion for industries such as payments, cybersecurity, and healthcare.

Blockchain technology, also known as Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT), uses decentralized and cryptographic hashes to make the history of each digital asset immutable and transparent. The blockchain is a database that stores encrypted data blocks and chains them to form the only reliable source of data in chronological order. Digital assets are distributed rather than copied or transmitted, creating a permanent record of the asset. Assets are decentralized, enabling full real-time access and transparency to the general public.

A transparent history of changes keeps your documents consistent and instills trust in your assets. With technology innovation and security measures specific to public leisure, blockchain development has become a major technology in almost every sector.

Why is Blockchain technology so popular?

Most people assume that blockchains and bitcoins can be used interchangeably, but they are not actually. This technology can support various Custom Software Applications related to multiple industries such as finance, supply chain, and manufacturing. Bitcoin is always a currency based on blockchain technology. 

Blockchain Development is an emerging technology that has many advantages in the digital world. 

 

  • Safety 

 It uses the digital signature feature to use the fraud-free transaction which makes it impossible to damage or change the data from other users without a specific digital signature. 

  •  Distributed System 

Traditionally, they need regulatory authorities such as governments and banks for trading. However, using a blockchain, user interlocks and transactions are performed with users leading to smart, safer, and faster transactions. 

  •  Automation Capabilities 

It can be programmable and you can automatically generate systematic actions, events, and payments when trigger criteria are met.

Functionality of Blockchain

  • Blocks

Each chain consists of multiple blocks, and each block has three basic elements. Data in blocks. A 32-bit integer is called a nonce. The nonce is randomly generated when the block is created and the block header hash is generated.

A hash is a 256-bit number associated with the nonce. Must start with a large number of zeros (that is, very small).  When the first block of the chain is created, Nance will generate an encryption hash. The data in the block is considered signed and is permanently bound to the nonce and hash unless mined. 

 

  • Miners

Miners create new blocks in the chain through a process known as Mining.In blockchain development, each and every block has its own nonce and hash, but it is also related to the hash of the previous block. block in the chain, so mining blocks can be tough, especially in large chains. 

The miner uses special software to solve the very complex mathematical problem of finding a nonce that produces an accepted hash. Since the nonce is only 32 bits and the hash is 256 bits, there are about 4 billion combinations of nonce hashes that can be mined before finding the right one. 

When that happens, the miners are said to have found a "golden nonce" and their blocks are added to the chain. 

 

  • Nodes

One of the most important concepts of blockchain innovation is decentralization. Computers and companies cannot own a chain. Instead, it is a distributed ledger across the nodes connected to the chain. A node can be any type of electronic device that keeps a copy of the blockchain and keeps the network running.

Cryptocurrency

Blockchain Technology is best known for cryptocurrencies. Cryptocurrencies are digital currencies (or tokens) such as Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Litecoin that can be used to purchase goods and services. Just like digital cash, you can use cryptocurrencies to buy everything from lunch to your next home. Unlike cash, cryptocurrencies use blockchain to act as both a public ledger and an enhanced cryptographic security system, so online transactions are always recorded and protected.
 

To date, there are about 6,700 cryptocurrencies around the world, with a  market capitalization of about $ 1.6 trillion, and Bitcoin holds much of its value. These tokens have been very popular over the last few years, with 1 Bitcoin worth $ 60,000.

Types of blockchain

  • Public Blockchain

The public blockchain is an open, decentralized network of computers accessible to anyone who wants to request or validate a transaction. The person (miner) who verifies the transaction receives a reward.

The public blockchain uses a proof-of-work or proof-of-stake consensus mechanism (discussed later). Two common examples of public blockchains are Bitcoin and Ethereum (ETH). 

 

  • Private blockchain 

The private blockchain is not open and access is restricted. Those who want to participate need the permission of the system administrator. 

These are usually managed by one entity. In other words, it is centralized. For example, Hyperledger is an authorized private blockchain.

 

  • Hybrid blockchain or consortium 

A consortium is a combination of public and private blockchains that includes centralized and decentralized capabilities. For example, Energy Web Foundation, Dragonchain, R3.  

Note: There is no 100% consensus as to whether these are different terms. Some distinguish between the two, while others consider them the same. 

 

  • Sidechain 

A sidechain is a blockchain that runs in parallel with the mainchain. This allows users to move digital assets between two different blockchains, improving scalability and efficiency. An example of a sidechain is Liquid Network.

Wrapping up

Blockchain Technology Development isn't another hype that people will forget in a few days. With all its features and applications, we can assume it stays here. All the important features of this technology have very different impacts on the web. 

And why? Packed with all kinds of new technologies. It causes a lot of controversies, but if we can use the ideology behind all the benefits of blockchain, people can still create a brighter future for everyone. It goes without saying that it can change the world. 

If you are looking for Custom Blockchain Development Solutions, Chapter247 Infotech will be the best choice for you. Book your Consulting now.

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Author

Sourabh Nagar

Business Analyst, Revenue Growth in Cloud-Enabled Technology Solutions

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